Types of Medical Malpractice: Full Guide

Dressie Law Firm: Navigating Medical Malpractice Claims with Professionalism and Compassion

Discover the different types of medical malpractice and how they can affect you. Learn about misdiagnosis, surgical errors, medication mistakes, and more.

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What Is Medical Malpractice?

Medical malpractice refers to professional negligence by a healthcare provider, such as a doctor, nurse, or other medical professionals, resulting in a patient’s injury or death.

It occurs when the healthcare provider deviates from the accepted standards of care, leading to substandard treatment. From misdiagnosis to surgical errors, negligence in medical care can and often results in serious injury and sometimes death. It can take place at any stage during medical treatment.

Medical malpractice victims can file medical malpractice claims to recover compensation for their damages, including medical expenses, pain and suffering, lost wages, and loss of consortium.

If you or a loved one are wondering, “How do I claim compensation for a medical accident?” our team at Dressie Law Firm is here to guide you through the legal process. Our experienced medical malpractice attorney can fight to bring you the compensation you deserve.

    Types of Medical Malpractice

    What type of personal injury is considered medical malpractice? Well, not all adverse outcomes of medical treatment are considered medical malpractice. A medical professional must have acted negligently and deviated from the standard of care. Here are common medical malpractice types where this is often true:


    Misdiagnosis occurs when a doctor fails to recognize and diagnose a condition that a competent doctor would have identified. This oversight may lead to the progression of a condition, requiring more extensive treatment and causing additional pain and suffering. In severe cases like cancer, a delayed or inaccurate diagnosis can even result in a patient’s death. Legal claims of this nature necessitate professional testimony to establish negligence and its impact on the patient’s health.

    Surgical Errors

    Surgical errors are known as “never events” as they are malpractice that should never occur. These errors include leaving surgical instruments in a patient’s body, operating on the wrong patient or body part, and causing injuries during surgery. Infections and complications post-surgery can also lead to significant harm if not promptly and competently addressed.

    Medication Errors

    Medical professionals can be held accountable for errors in prescribing or administering medication. This includes prescribing the wrong medication/dosage, failing to consider the patient’s medical history, or even administering medication intended for another patient. Medication errors can be linked to misdiagnoses.

    Anesthesia Errors

    Anesthesia errors can lead to severe consequences, including brain injuries and death. For example, an anesthesiologist might fail to assess the patient’s medical history for potential risk factors, omit appropriate pre-procedural instructions, administer beyond a patient’s range of anesthesia, or fail to monitor the patient’s vital signs during treatment under anesthesia.

    Birth Injuries

    Birth injuries may arise from diagnostic failures, complications, mishandling, or improper use of equipment during childbirth. Gynecologists and obstetricians can cause lifelong harm to newborns, such as cerebral palsy and brain damage.

    How to File a Medical Malpractice Claim

    Patients who have fallen victim to medical malpractice have the right to take legal action. If you find yourself in this unfortunate situation, it is crucial to comprehend these rights and the legal steps you can take. Some steps you may take include:

    1. Understand your rights: Educate yourself on your rights as a medical malpractice victim. This includes the right to seek compensation and how the latter is calculated in medical malpractice lawsuits.
    2. Document the incident: Keep detailed records, including medical records, communications with healthcare providers, and any relevant evidence that may support your case.
    3. Seek another medical opinion: Obtain a second opinion from a different healthcare professional to validate and document the malpractice. This opinion can serve as valuable evidence.
    4. Contact Dressie Law Firm: Our experienced medical malpractice attorneys can investigate the case, represent your interests, and guide you through the process.
    5. File a claim with the at-fault party’s insurance company: Your attorney will assist you in filing a claim with the at-fault party’s insurance company and negotiate a fair out-of-court settlement.
    6. Go to court: If an agreement cannot be reached, you can pursue a civil lawsuit. Your attorney will handle the filing and subsequent procedures.
    7. Recover compensation: If successful, you may be awarded the damages you seek, including medical expenses, lost wages, and compensation for pain and suffering.
    8. Appeal: If you receive an adverse judgment, you have the right to appeal the decision to a higher court.

    Remember, each case is unique, and these steps may be adjusted based on the specifics of your situation. Consult an experienced legal professional to craft a strategy that best suits your medical malpractice case.

    How to Prove Medical Malpractice?

    For a medical malpractice claim to be successful, the injured party (plaintiff) typically needs to demonstrate four elements:

    1. Duty: The healthcare provider owed a duty of care to the patient.
    2. Breach of Duty: The provider breached the standard of care through negligent actions or omissions.
    3. Causation: The breach of duty directly caused harm or injury to the patient.
    4. Damages: A patient has to prove in a medical malpractice case that they suffered measurable damages, such as physical pain, emotional distress, medical expenses, or loss of income.

    Legal Implications of Failing to Obtain Informed Consent

    Failing to obtain informed consent before a medical procedure can have serious legal implications. Informed consent is crucial in the doctor-patient relationship, ensuring patients are aware of the risks, benefits, and alternatives of the medical treatment they are about to receive.

    When a healthcare provider fails to obtain informed consent, it is often considered medical malpractice. This can lead to a medical malpractice lawsuit if the patient suffers harm as a result.

    The absence of informed consent typically indicates that the healthcare provider’s actions did not align with accepted medical practices, contributing to the claim of negligence.

    Medical errors, such as anesthesia errors and surgical errors, are common types of medical malpractice claims linked to a lack of informed consent.

    For instance, if a patient undergoes surgery without understanding the associated risks and experiences serious complications, they may file a malpractice claim against the medical professional involved. Additionally, wrong medication or unnecessary treatment given without proper consent can also result in malpractice lawsuits.

    Informed consent is not just a formality; it is a patient’s right. When healthcare providers neglect this responsibility, patients may seek legal recourse to recover compensation for the medical expenses incurred due to the malpractice.

    An experienced medical malpractice lawyer can help navigate the complex legal process and ensure that the injured party receives fair compensation for their suffering.

    In Georgia, healthcare professionals are legally obligated to obtain informed consent from patients. Failure to do so undermines the trust in the healthcare system and can lead to legal consequences.

    Malpractice claims arising from a lack of informed consent highlight the importance of transparency and communication in the medical field. By maintaining these standards, healthcare providers can avoid legal pitfalls and ensure better patient outcomes.

    How Can a Medical Malpractice Lawyer Help You?

    A medical malpractice attorney plays a crucial role in helping individuals who have been victims of medical negligence pursue their claims and recover damages.

    Here are some ways in which a medical malpractice attorney can assist:

    • Case evaluation: An attorney will review the details of the case, including medical records, to assess whether there is a valid claim for medical malpractice.
    • Legal experience and knowledge: A medical malpractice attorney has focused knowledge of medical standards, negligence rules, and local personal injury laws. This knowledge is important to protect your rights and interests.
    • Investigate your case: Your attorney will gather evidence, consult with medical experts, and build a compelling case to demonstrate negligence on the part of the healthcare provider.
    • Negotiation skills: Medical malpractice cases often involve negotiations with insurance companies. An attorney can negotiate on your behalf to secure a fair settlement.
    • Damages assessment: A medical malpractice attorney will help assess the damages you suffered, including medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and others.

    Take the Next Step with Dressie Law Firm

    If you fall victim to medical malpractice in Georgia, Dressie Law Firm stands ready to guide you through the complexities of the legal process. Our experienced team of personal injury professionals has handled many medical malpractice cases and consistently secured maximum compensation.

    Take the next step and contact us today for a free consultation.

    The Dressie Law Firm Can Help You

    If you or a loved one is a victim of a reckless or negligent driver, we want you to know that the law is on your side and so is the Dressie Law Firm.

    Contact us today to schedule your free consultation!